Third generation biofuel algae
Also known as Oilgae, it is being considered the third generation biofuel. Its production is low cost and high yield, almost 30 times more energy production per acre compared to the land that other conventional raw materials require to produce biofuels. Currently, research is being carried out using algae cultivation (algae cultivation) to produce different fuels to harvest for the manufacture of vegetable oil, biodiesel, bioethanol, biomethanol, biobutanol and other biofuels and it seems that the methodology is sustainable that other biofuels available and then algae are used to produce biodiesel would be the only viable method to replace the need for gasoline that is used today for the automotive industry.
Biofuels are considered the best way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and are an alternative to polluting fossil fuels. But recently, according to the findings of Nobel Laureate Paul Cortzen, some of the most widely used biofuels Bioethanol from corn and biodiesel from rapeseed release nitrous oxide (N2O) which is contributing much more to global warming than fossil fuels are contributing in. this moment. Biofuel processing in the form of algae has been proven to capture large amounts of CO2 and N2O available in the atmosphere (40% in a full day course and 80% in sunny days) and an acre of algae can produce enough oil to produce 5,000 gallons. of biodiesel in one year.
In my view, biodiesel and bioethanol from rapeseed and corn not only contribute to global warming, but cannot be economically sustainable because they are one of the main sources of edible oil. The demand for ethanol can threaten food prices. A recent study by the Iowa State University Center for Agricultural and Rural Development revealed that, considering the high-priced crude oil scenario, US ethanol production could reach 30 billion gallons by 2016 , consuming more than half of the U.S. corn, wheat, and other coarse grains production and leading to higher meat prices for consumers, reduced overall production for all segments of the meat industry, and even greater reductions in grain and meat exports. Taking into account the sustainability and economic factor of the biofuel of the Alga culture seems to be the most promising fuel for the future.