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Cognitive skills determine learning ability

Research has shown that cognitive abilities are a determining factor in an individual’s ability to learn. Cognitive skills are mental skills that are used in the knowledge acquisition process; according to, the skills that “separate good students from regular students.” In essence, when cognitive skills are strong, learning is quick and easy. When cognitive skills are weak, learning becomes a struggle.

Many children become frustrated and find school work difficult because they do not have the cognitive skills necessary to process information correctly. Many employees find themselves trapped in dead-end jobs that don’t take advantage of their true vocational potential due to weak cognitive abilities. In the last years of life, the lack of cognitive skills (poor concentration, inability to concentrate and memory loss) is a common problem that accompanies us.

It should be noted that regardless of age, cognitive skills can be improved with proper training. Weak cognitive skills can be strengthened and normal cognitive skills can be enhanced to increase ease and performance in learning.

The following cognitive skills are the most important:


Concentration is the ability to focus attention on a single thought or topic, excluding everything else from the field of consciousness. It is one of the most important skills one should possess, as nothing great can be achieved without it.

Students must focus and focus on completing an assignment, a project, or a review for a test to excel in school, learn the subject, and earn good grades. Athletes must focus on performance, execution, and strategy to do their best and outmaneuver their opponent. Entrepreneurs must focus on all the factors that go into starting a new business and promoting their product or service. They need to do this to get their idea off the ground and make their business profitable. Business leaders must focus on their company’s mission, vision, and strategies, as well as the job at hand, to stay ahead of their competitors. Workers must focus on their jobs and meet their supervisor’s goals in order to complete projects and advance in their careers.

Improving the ability to concentrate allows a person to avoid the problems, embarrassment, and difficulties that occur when the mind wanders. Better concentration facilitates study and accelerates understanding. It allows one to take advantage of the social and business opportunities that arise when people are fully in tune with the world around them. It helps one to focus on their goals and achieve them more easily.


Sensation is the uptake of information by our sensory receptors, for example, the eyes, ears, skin, nostrils, and tongue. In vision, the sensation occurs when the two eyes collect rays of light and focus them on the retina. In hearing, sensation occurs when the outer ear picks up pulsating air waves and transmits them through the bones of the middle ear to the cochlear nerve.

Perception, on the other hand, is the interpretation of what you feel. Physical events transmitted to the retina can be interpreted as a particular color, pattern, or shape. Physical events captured by the ear can be interpreted as musical sounds, a human voice, noise, etc.

Lack of experience can cause a person to misinterpret what they have felt. In other words, perception represents our apprehension of a present situation in terms of our past experiences or, as the philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) states: “We see things not as they are, but as we are.”

Impairments in visual perception can hamper a person’s ability to make sense of information received through the eyes, while deficits in auditory perception interfere with a person’s ability to analyze or make sense of information received. through the ears.

A classic example of a visual perception deficit is the child who mistakes letters like b, d, p, and q. Many adults find their reading speed inadequate as a result of underlying perception deficits.

By improving the accuracy and speed of perception, one can absorb and process information accurately and quickly. Reading speed will also improve and reading problems can be overcome.


Memory is probably the most important of all cognitive functions.

Generally speaking, sensory registration refers to memories that last no more than a second or two. If you were shown a line of text very quickly, say, for a tenth of a second, all the letters that you can visualize for a brief moment after that presentation constitute the sensory register.

When you are trying to recall a phone number that was heard a few seconds before, the name of a person that was just introduced, or the content of comments that a teacher just made in class, you are turning to short-term memory or memory of job. This lasts from a few seconds to a minute; the exact amount of time may vary slightly. You need this type of memory to retain ideas and thoughts while working on problems. When writing a letter, for example, you need to be able to remember the last sentence while writing the next. To solve an arithmetic problem like (3 X 3) + (4 X 2) in your head, you have to take into account the intermediate results (that is, 3 X 3 = 9) in order to solve the whole problem.

Poor short-term memory can lead to difficulties in processing, understanding, and organization. By improving short-term memory, one can better process, understand, and organize incoming information.

Long-term memory is the ability to store information and then retrieve it, and it lasts from a minute to weeks or even years. From long-term memory, you can recall general information about the world that you have previously learned, memory of specific past experiences, specific rules previously learned, and the like.

Research has shown that, on average, in 24 hours you forget 80% of what you have learned. By improving long-term memory, schoolchildren and students can store and retrieve information more effectively.

Visual memory is the ability of a person to remember what they have seen, while auditory memory is the ability of a person to remember what they have heard. Various researchers have claimed that up to eighty percent of all learning takes place through the eye. It goes without saying that improving visual memory will have a tremendous effect on a person’s ability to learn. The same goes for improving auditory memory.


Logical thinking is a learned process in which one uses reasoning consistently to reach a conclusion. Problems or situations that involve logical thinking require structure, relationships between facts, and chains of reasoning that “make sense.”

According to Dr. Albrecht, author of “Brain Building,” the foundation of all logical thinking is sequential thinking. This process involves taking the important ideas, facts, and conclusions involved in a problem and organizing them into a chain-like progression that takes on meaning in itself. To think logically is to think in steps.

The ability to think logically enables a person to reject quick and easy answers, such as “I don’t know” or “this is too difficult,” by empowering them to deepen their thought processes and better understand the methods used to arrive at a solution. Training in logical thought processes has been shown to make a person brighter.

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